# Pen Spinning Theory

In the field of pen spinning, **Theory** refers to the ideas and observations made in attempts to better understand the hobby itself.

## Applied Theory

### Structural Analysis

#### Zombo's Combo Transformation Method

*See also: Zombo's Combo Transformation Method*

Released in 2012^{[1]} by Zombo, a theoretical method is described to allow transformations to be applied to existing combos to result in new derivative combos.

#### Zombo's Structural Stability Theory

*See also: Zombo's Structural Stability Theory*

First released in 2012^{[2]}, Zombo proposed a system of analysing the structure of a combo by defining elements as 'stable' or 'unstable' and tracking the transitions between stability and instability. This would then be used to aid in constructing combos that created particular aesthetic feelings.

## Semantics

### Formal Notation

### Notation for analysis

#### Hexbinmos' Elementary Notation

*See also: Hexbinmos' Elementary Notation*

A system proposed by Hexbinmos and collaborated on by Fel2Fram in 2012 for designating a series of 'elementary' tricks that can be combined to recreate all of the tricks and combinations in pen spinning.

#### RPD's Simplified Elementary Notation

*See also: RPD's Simplified Elementary Notation*

An updated system chronicled in RPD's 2020 book "Pen Spinning History and Notation" further simplified and expanded upon Hexbinmos' work, fixing key problems that curbed the use of the original idea.

## Philosophy

### Metaphysics

*Metaphysics* within the context of pen spinning is concerned with defining the fundamental principles that differentiate pen spinning from other things. It aims to answer questions such as "What is Pen Spinning" and "What is Pen Spinning like?".

#### Zombo's Discourse on the Metaphysics of Pen Spinning

In 2010^{[3]} Zombo released an article detailing his observations made to answer the question "What is Pen Spinning, exactly?". It was considered one of the foundations of pen spinning philosophy.

#### V 0 1 D's Anti-Aesthetic Amendment

*See also: V 0 1 D's Anti-Aesthetic Amendment*

A suggested amendment to Zombo's Discourse on the Metaphysics of Pen Spinning, suggesting that 'aesthetic' need not be a required characteristic for an act to be considered pen spinning. Published March 2021.